Thursday, October 3, 2013

Lighten Your Load . . . .


There are some tricks you can use to lighten up that ruck / pack / sack (or whatever you call that huge transport bag you strap on your back when you want to move your “things” over long distances by foot.)

Most importantly packing your ruck sack correctly, more so, distributing the weight correctly by the order in which items of differing weight are packed, really helps the fatigue factor when hiking or rucking.  Read about that here:

Aside from that, there are some ways to “shave” ounces and eventually pounds off your overall ruck weight so you can go farther in a shorter amount of time.  Regardless of your objective, if you have a survival load on your back you need to pack with you the things that will continue your heart beating.  Here is an excellent article on the packing priorities in regard to survival in hostile environments:


Now, in the context of those two articles . . . .

Here are some ideas / products that will help you save some ounces:

The Sawyer MINIFilter:  Fits in the palm of the hand small.  Filters out all sorts of things that make you have the “runs” such as ecoli, bacteria, protozoa, cysts, giardia, etc, etc.  (those are the ones that can make you really really sick).  The filter is good for 100,000 gallons of water (and comes with a back-flushing kit).  Which if you use 2 gallons of filtered water a day . . . would last you for over 130 years.  Over 65 years if you and another person are using it.  It only weighs a few ounces. 


*If viruses are a concern, you might consider adding a small bottle and household bleach and eye dropper to your pack.  Read the previous post on waterborne viruses to understand what they are and what they are not. 


The Vargo TitaniumHexagon Pack Stove:  Again, it only weighs a few ounces.  The stove is very efficient, blocks the wind, and folds up into a very thin space.  The ability to build a small contained but efficient fire could be a key survival ingredient you need. This especially is the case if you do not want to broadcast to anyone in the area your presence with huge beach fire flames.  The GLSC Team packs this Vargo stove wherever we go in the wild.

Wiggy's Sleeping Bags:  Pound for pound, Wiggy's Lamilite filled sleeping bags and garments, wick water the best, and provide the best insulation when the temps go down, than any other product on the market.  "ask us how we know".  Wiggy's 5 lb sleeping bag offers cold weather insulating qualities that beat a bag with twice the weight. 

*The fact that these relatively light weight bags have saved lives, when guys in the field have broke through a frozen lake without any available rescue crew to bring them back is a testament to the value of the product.

GLSC Level 1 Wilderness First Aid Kit:  Big enough to handle your wilderness first aid emergencies but light weight enough to carry all day and not know it's there.

Knife Sharpening Supplies:  Need to keep your knife sharp?  Try a leather hone with hone compound instead of a heavy stone.  Made for GLSC here in Michigan, we carry these to touch up our knives in the field.  This will save at least a pound in your pack.

Killing Waterborne Viruses with Bleach

Understanding the threat that Waterborne Viruses pose to humans:

Combating Viruses after the water has been filtered:

1)  Clear water is a sign of pure water. Always drain long-standing pipes for 30 seconds to one minute before drinking! (Cheap remote motels?)

2)  1 Gallon water is disinfected by 8-16 drops of regular household bleach (visually about 1/4 of a teaspoon) - double that for cloudy water. Shake and let stand 30 minutes. One teaspoon will disinfect 5 gallons. Immediately after treating, water must initially have a slight smell of chlorine. If it does not - repeat the process.

3)  Household bleach is relatively harmless. The smell or �waft� of chlorine is not bad: it indicates that water is treated and germ free. Once treated and disinfected, the chlorine smell will go away in a few days.

4)  Regularly used water from large tanks may be treated once or twice a month with 1 Oz. bleach per 200 gallons or 5 Oz. bleach per 1000 gallons. 

5)  Long-standing water in tanks will be disinfected w/ 1 pint household bleach per 1000 gallons. (2500 gal tanks are fine with 3 pints.) 

6)  Bleach effectively kills bacteria and viruses, stops smells and then breaks down. It's effective germ killing alkaline property is completely neutralized very quickly. It does not stay chemically active in tanks for more than a few days. Most germs require sunlight to grow. Store water in the dark.

7)  If water is relatively clear: but has a noticeable smell of chlorine: it is drinkable, disinfected, and harmless. Humans need 2 quarts per day.

The above text is designed to be printed, cut-out, and taped inside a cabinet door, or saved as a reminder. 6 % sodium hypochlorite solution, referred to as " common household chlorine bleach", is not a seriously poisonous substance to humans. It is an alkaline salt. It is not an "acid".  However It very, very effectively kills bacteria and viruses upon contact. It is the world-wide chemical of choice for treating drinking water, or for effectively sterilizing everything from shower stalls to surgical instruments. Truthfully, very heavily chlorinated water may be more irritating to the lungs - if it is used for showers, than it is harmful to the intestinal tract if used for drinking purposes. Even drinking straight household bleach rarely results in death. The alkaline properties of undiluted bleach may cause painful chemical burns to the esophagus and stomach - but it is not deadly poisonous. Bleach must always be kept out of the reach of children - because not only might they drink it - they may get it in their eyes.  All long-standing water that is exposed to air and sunlight grows bacteria and other organisms which may include the very troublesome protozoa, Giardia. These organisms may cause people to become very sick. Iodine has long been carried by back-packers for cases of emergency because very small long-lasting tablets effectively disinfect germ infected water. Iodine is at least 1000 times more toxic than is sodium hypochlorite (bleach). Unlike sodium hypochlorite, iodine does not break down. It does, however, cause an unpleasant taste in treated water. This is why back packers are given the option to carry a taste neutralizing tablet for use if water has been treated with iodine. Iodine does remain in the body. Iodine poisoning is of greater concern for longer term situations than is the slight smell of bleach. In any regular situation, bleach is the by far the preferred method for purifying drinking water because it effectively kills harmful organisms, and then it breaks down and is quickly chemically neutralized.  It should be noted that fish, mosquitoes, algae, etc. can not - and do not live - in poisonous water. Given the choice between two still ponds in the wild: one with mosquitos, or algae growing in it -- and another near-by it, which may be seemingly clear - I would prefer to drink the water that has the organic life growing in it. The other standing water, even though it appears clear - is obviously unusable or undesirable to other living organisms and therefore it may be poisonous.  New well-water should ALWAYS be tested by the drilling company to determine if the water coming from the ground is truly safe for drinking. Ground water can be unsuitable for a number of reasons, but in general it is very good water. Without any doubt, the easiest way to insure clean, safe, pure drinking water, is to instal a water purification system that acts both as a filter, and a purifier. These are the common water purification systems available everywhere. They filter particles and purify the water from bacteria, viruses and other harmful chemicals. An EXCELLENT portable water purification device can be purchased for emergency use for under $70.00. Home water purification systems, even purifiers that attach directly to the water tap - are absolutely excellent! This is the best way to actually insure that the water you are drinking is clean and pure. These systems, which act both as filters, and purifiers - are the systems of choice for any rational person. It is nice to know the ratio's of bleach necessary for disinfecting water if one fears that water may be contaminated - but this is intended for people who use large water tanks, or to be guide-lines for serious emergency situations. For normal living, modern water purification systems are definitely the methods of choice for eliminating bacteria, viruses, smells, and other undesirable substances.

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Workplace Violence - AmMerc

Posted from Randomthoughtsandguns as it relates to survival and self-defense:

"Workplace violence
What do Killeen, Columbine, Virginia Tech, and Newton have to do with the Washington Navy Yard?

The response of the first responders.  In each case the shooter was able to kill multiple people long before any coherent response could be mounted by security personnel or first responders.

Why is that?  Simply put, each shooter (or in Columbines case, the shooters) obeyed some simple principles.

Operational Security.  By maintaining OPSEC they were able to plan ahead, get their weapons into position, and start their killing spree without tipping off the security forces.

Audacity.  Each target, in every single case, was a known "gun free zone" patrolled and protected by security guards and/or the local police.

Violence of action.  Once they started, they didn't stop until they were stopped by someone else with a gun.

I didn't include Laughner, Hassan, and Holmes in here because they lived, and in each case there were plenty of warning signs that were ignored by the security forces.  You could make the case that Virginia Tech should fall into "lots of warning signs" category but Cho didn't leave a huge trail of breadcrumbs.

In every case politicians fall into the wishful thinking trap that "if we would have just known ahead of time" they could have done something.  Politicians love the idea of "pre-crime prevention" except that it doesn't happen that way.

Look at a chessboard.  At the beginning of the game there are no unknowns.  But at the beginning of the game you don't know if black or white will win, or the game will draw as a stalemate.  Even with perfect knowledge of the pieces, the board, there is no way to know who will win.

How much more complicated do you think a nation of 300 Million individuals is than a chessboard with 64 squares and 16 pieces?

The lesson learned from these shootings is that prevention is impossible, and that the only logical strategy is one of empowered response.  If someone shoots at you, and you can't shoot back, you are screwed.  Denying people the ability to respond is criminal, and I do hope that someone can make the case for criminal negligence in court.

Now, what is truly scary, is that our mass shootings are done by crazy people or individuals who have been pushed too far and just snap.  If an operation was conducted by a fully rational individual (or team, lets not forget Columbine) that worked through the operational planning framework from infil to exfil, the body counts could be much higher, and none of us would know until communications had been restored.  With the known state sponsors of terrorism out there, this is a frightening possibility.

I can't help but think that Israel has the right idea in arming teachers, grandparents, reservists, etc.  If the enemy is plotting an operation in your midst, then giving everyone the ability to respond is the only logical solution. "

Monday, August 12, 2013

The Will to Prepare to Win

You may have heard this before:  "The key is not the will to win... everybody has that. It is the will to prepare to win that is important." – Bobby Knight (remember that hot-headed NCAA basketball coach?  Yep that’s the him.)

I’d venture to say the will to prepare to win is an often overlooked skill set in today’s microwaveable ready world.  Can anyone blame us?  We’ve been programmed to take care of things at the last minute.  Everything we want, we get because of “just in time” logistics at the super-market or convenience stores.  With lay-away and credit cards do we really even have to plan and save for what we want?  And believe me, we’re not pointing any fingers.  The “just-in-time” thing effects all of us.

However, there are some things I think we can all agree that deserve a little farther look down the road when it comes to planning a favorable outcome for the protection of our family.  Taking time and spending a few dollars to learn or send ourselves for retraining when it comes to survival, self-defense and first aid can mean the difference in life and death.  Trying not to be melodramatic, the reality is that training equals proficiency and proficiency equals the speed in which we can help save lives, defend threats and find safety.

And unfortunately we can type away on blogs, write books, and theorize about what’s what, but it doesn’t replace getting “out there” with qualified instructors and learning new skills, or for some of us, knocking the rust off and retraining.  It’d be nice if it weren’t so, but survival skill sets are a perishable good if not used regularly. 

And that’s where the tag line comes in:  Having the will to win in a bad situation is common, but having the will to prepare to win is stacking the deck in your favor and is the key.  Having the will to get out there and prepare to win (by training) against life threatening situations is a great start.  Our families deserve the best protection we can offer.

Luckily for us there are a number of private companies in several different regions of the US that are willing to train law abiding citizens in wilderness survival, self-defense and first aid:  John Mosby (West & Northwest), SFMedic(East / Southeast), Max Velocity (East), DTG (Great Lakes) .  These are just to name a few.  It seems that most students are satisfied when finding training instructors who’s expertise is vouched for by those in their respective community of contact.  Equally important is feedback from fulfilled students.

Life gets in the way sometimes, but it’s important to take the time to prepare to beat the odds of a SHTF situation.  We hope that as summer is waning this post finds you and your family healthy and full of energy.  Perhaps we’ll see you in the field when it’s time to retrain some of those survival skills.

Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Tactical Combat Casualty Care – August 23, 2013


Get the training while the training is available . . . acquire the skills to save a life.

Cost: $150 per person

Objective: Participants will learn to use the latest in first aid doctrine gained from the military and applied to situations that the family defender or community defense team might find themselves faced with during a SHTF scenario.

One of the major issues facing those in the preparedness community is lack of experience in “real world” violent situations. DTG will train you in the latest techniques of Tactical Combat Casualty Care. Participants will learn to prioritize actions to take during a crisis so that you and yours have the best chance of surviving the incident you can, given your level of expertise and other factors. When the class is over, you’ll have the basic knowledge and information with which to build an even more in-depth trianing program for your own group.

Class Duration: 8 Hours
Topics Covered:
– Care Under Fire
– Tactical Field Care
– Casualty Evacuation Care
– Blow Out Kit Contents / Placement
– Use of Blow Out Kit Contents
– Treatment of the 3 most preventable causes of battlefield death

Registration: Send a note of interest to, subject line: TC3 Class
Class size is limited, so confirm your registration today!

Wednesday, July 3, 2013

Re take Your Privacy and Communication Security

Digital Survival . . . . 
From the Combat Studies Group:

"With the recent revelations pertaining to government spying on it's own citizens (does this really surprise anyone?), I wanted to offer a quick primer on regaining some of your electronic security. This is by no means an exhaustive list, but a number of things you can start doing right now. (I also offer a course on this subject that covers it in great detail.)

One caveat I need to point out before we go further is this - While any and all of the following tips will offer a high level of privacy, most of them are rendered potentially useless if they are employed on the Windows or Mac operating systems. Why? Because Microsoft and Apple have entered into complicit agreements with government bodies in the form of secret backdoor access to your system and no anti-virus or malware  program will save you from it as it is a "legitimate" part of the operating system's code.
Where does that leave you? Either install a Linux based OS, or at the very least get a bootable  USB linux system.
Now, there are those (including MS and Apple) that will argue that there is no such thing and this is just wild tinfoil hat talk. Ultimately it boils down to this for I trust organizations that have a track record of disregard for client privacy and offer software that is closed source and hidden from public audit - or do I trust a product that is designed with privacy in mind and is open source and regularly audited by the public?

Backdoor Info 1         

Moving on.......

1. Stop using Yahoo, Google and Hotmail for your email. In the last week alone I have received at least 4 emails from "friends" who had their accounts hijacked/hacked (all Yahoo).  Consider smaller email providers that will respect your privacy......GMX, Lavabit, Hushmail just to name a few. That doesn't mean that you can completely trust these providers, it simply means they will not read your email for marketing purposes and will only surrender information to governments within the appropriate judicial process. (You still would need a VPN or Tor to mask your IP address and PGP keys to encrypt your content - but that is another article all by itself)

2. Stop using Yahoo, Bing, Google for your searches. Instead use DuckDuckGo, Startpage, Ixquick or Privatelee.

3. Stop using Skype and Google voice. Instead try out options that offer encrypted calls like iCall and Jitsi. You can setup a free phone account with Ostel - they have instructions on their site to setup the phone software.

4. Setup a chat/instant message account using Pidgin (Adium on Mac) or Jitsi, which will allow encrypted communication via OTR. I recommend setting up an xmpp account for free with DuckDuckGo HERE

5. Encrypt any personal data in a separate drive with Truecrypt or LUKS (use the Encfs Manager in Linux)

6. Start using a VPN service (one that utilizes openvpn protocols)

If you are considering a move to a Linux based system, here are a few places to start....

If you are used to using Windows try - Zorin OS

If you are used to using Mac try - Pear OS

or give these a try - Ubuntu or Mint

These are just the tip of the iceberg, but will get you started on the road to recovery......"

Thursday, June 13, 2013

"Sugardine" Antiseptic

In the event that you cannot get antibiotics . . . you might consider having the items to make "Sugardine" on hand.  Read below, this excellent knowledge to have.

Reposted from :

"I'm sure you've heard of this--but on the off chance you haven't, you definitely need to: The miraculous wound-healing benefits of a goop made from sugar and betadine (povidone iodine--available cheaply everywhere). You mix together and make a paste, which can be packed into deep wounds and gouges. Some people refer to it as "sugardine."
Not everyone knows that sugar alone has been used for hundreds of years as an effective gunshot wound treatment. The high osmotic gradient it promotes attracts and traps bacteria--and animal cells are better able to withstand high osmotic conditions than bacterial cells. The addition of the povidone iodine makes it even more effective.
There are countless stories of near miraculous saves of horses with bad wounds that wouldn't heal, using this paste. I've used it to great effect on myself and on my dogs--sometimes with deep canine puncture wounds.
Ideally, it should be packed in and covered, and rinsed out and replaced everyday. But any application, under any circumstances, is a lot better than nothing. Granulated (or powdered) sugar and lots of povidone iodine are very valuable additions to prepper medical stores, in my opinion.
Here are a few medical journal articles on the topic:  
And here's a very practical video on using sugardine, from a veterinarian.
Stay Prepared! - Steve N."

Tuesday, June 4, 2013

Field Dressing Small Game

After you snare your game,  you have to dress it and prepare it for cooking.

It's really simple.

*On a side note, be careful to cook your game thoroughly.  Parasites are nasty little things that will transfer from game to the carnivore in uncooked meat.  Generally small game taken between the first frost and the last frost of the season is safer to eat than if taken in the middle of August.

All things being equal, if cooking game in the wild, make sure it's very well done, and eliminate the possibility of parasite transfer all together.

A good indication of disease or parasites in small game is a spotted liver.

Below is a great little video on cleaning that rabbit you just trapped.

*Second side note when it comes to rabbits:  They don't have enough fat in their meat.  If your diet consisted only of rabbit and nothing else you would eventually die of protein poisoning.  Some people say you can help combat that by eating the rabbit brain and eyeballs.

The human body needs a balanced diet of protein, fats and carbs.  Like a three legged stool, without any of those, the machine will break down.

*Animals that provide fatty meats:  Beavers, turtles, porcupines, fish, bear and edible insects.  Edible insects are almost 100% fat.  So if you have rabbit on the menu, make sure you supplement it with a fatty side dish.


Thanks for reading

Snare your way to a full belly

Here's a great little video from on setting up a snare along a game trail. 

When teaching wilderness survival we suggest approaching food procurement with this thought in mind:  You should have a survival firearm for hunting game (and personal protection), but don't rely solely on your hunting skills, or you will starve.  One must be able to trap / snare game.

Think about it:  You can set 12 traps up, that are quiet and ready to catch game for you, 24/7.  They won't get tired and fall asleep and they won't get discouraged and quit.  While you are sheltered up or purifying water, your traps are still working hard to catch any game that might happen by. 

So while you're trying to line up a good shot with your survival .22 on that squirrel, you might do it with less pressure if you know that you have the support of your own little work force of traps waiting to catch your next meal.

In the wild, it's about minimizing your effort while maximizing your gain.

Commercial snares are affordable enough to buy and are 10 times more fool proof than improvised versions.  You can find 24 small game snares shipped to your location for about $25.   

Thanks for reading.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Dangerous Critter Protection


As an adult human, it's natural to want to protect yourself and your family in the wilderness.  If you realize that wilderness is a beautiful but potentially dangerous place, you obviously have common sense.  When frequenting areas that have critters such as cougars, bears, wolves or hogs, you might (insert "should" instead of "might") carry at least a powerful handgun for protection.

Below is an article written by Tim Sundles on the topic of "Stopping bears with a handgun".  It's a true "been there, done that" look at what it takes to put down a dangerous animal in the wild.  Some of what he has to say may surprise you.  In the age of information, where internet forums are full of tall tales, it's nice to go to a place like for your ammo purchases and recommendations.  Rest assured that this guy knows his stuff.  We believe in his products because we've used them. 

We also recommend that you read his article on preparedness in relation to the ammo shortages we've had this year.

From his writings, Tim Sundles seems be a Patriot who understands the problems facing American Freedoms today.  We appreciate business owners who not only have an excellent product but who are not afraid to stand up for American Liberty and say what needs to be said.  So if you want some great ammo, take a trip over to Buffalo Bore and support an American business.  Chances are you've probably already heard of them.



“Stopping” bears with handgun or rifle cartridges - By Tim Sundles

I get asked about this OFTEN. Having killed dozens of bear and guided hunters for dozens more, I have firsthand knowledge. Additionally, I have been hanging around bear guides all my adult life and between us, we’ve seen over a thousand bears killed. We have come to some consensus on the best tools and methods of killing bears with guns.

First, not all bears are the same. Grizzly bears have a much different mindset than the black bears species. To stop a grizzly attack, you will PROBABLY have to kill it, but sometimes all you have to do is to hurt it badly and the bear will become dissuaded. So, when planning to stop grizzly attacks, it is best to use a cartridge that will kill it—the quicker the better. Interior grizzlies normally get no bigger than 500 lbs, but in Montana, I’ve seen interior bears around 900 lbs., but this is very rare.  Coastal grizzlies, sometimes known as Alaskan Brown Bears, often exceed 1000 lbs. If you are relying on shoulder or heart/lung shots to kill such a bear, it takes a lot of cartridge. One that will make a big hole that goes very deeply through bone and into internal organs. If you hit him fatally in the chest area, you will then have roughly 15 to 30 seconds to stay alive before the bear learns he is dead.  If you are relying on brain shots, it is not all that hard to kill adult grizzly bears. Almost any center fire cartridge of 357 bore or larger with a very hard non-expanding, flat nosed bullet will pierce a bears skull with direct /frontal (between the eyes) hits. From the side angle, shoot them right at the bottom of the ear canal. These two shots are instant death, if you are using correct ammo. The old MYTH that bullets will slide off a bear’s skull is pure hogwash, when using modern ammo featuring bullets that will not mushroom when fired out of a powerful handgun. When using high powered rifles, it is OK if the bullet mushrooms as the high velocity of the rifle bullet, will puncture the bears skull regardless, because of its high velocity. 150 years ago, when the early settlers were heading west, the muzzle loaders they used, fired pure lead (very soft) round balls that would or could flatten out against bone and possibly slide off, leaving only a surface wound, when hitting a bears head. Unless you are using pure lead bullets that are rounded, this situation is no longer a concern.

Black bears are very different mentally, than grizzly bears. Black bears come in red, brown, blonde, and black color phases, but they are all black bear species and should be considered “black bears” regardless of color phase. While black bears have much the same physical qualities (normally smaller) of grizzly bears, they GENERALLY have a much different mindset.
To stop black bears, all you have to do is hurt them; you do not need to kill them. Almost any center fire handgun cartridge will dissuade a black bear if you hit them well with it. The more powerful the cartridge, the more damage you’ll potentially do to the bear, but nearly any black bear will turn tail if he is hit with a cartridge such as good stiff 9mm load. I know this argues against prevailing wisdom, but prevailing wisdom is based mostly on speculation, not real world experience and is not really wisdom.

We make “bear loads” in smaller chamberings such as 9mm, (item 24F) 38 SPL+P, (item 20H) and 357 mag. (item 19A). We do this because a lot of people own those guns and don’t want to buy a 454 Casull or 44 mag. I would have no problem defending myself against a black bear attack (and have done so) with the proper 9mm ammo. I prefer a more powerful/bigger cartridge, but the 9MM will get it done, even on grizzlies, if you take their brain. Of course, making a brain shot under such duress, will take practice and cool nerves.

I hike, ride horses, hunt and fish in grizzly country. When relying on a handgun, I carry a 500 or 475 Linebaugh with heavy hard cast, flat nosed bullets. It hammers grizzlies. Such a revolver weighs no more than a standard Ruger Black Hawk, but has the killing power of a moderately powerful rifle cartridge. I find the big heavy X frame revolvers (500 S&W and 460 S&W) too heavy for hiking in steep country all day, but they do possess incredible power. However, if I am going to carry a handgun that weighs 5+ pounds, I’d just as soon carry a 6 pound rifle chambered in 45-70 that has a longer sight radius, more power and is shoulder mounted.

If I carry a rifle in grizzly country, which I do often, I carry a lever action 45-70 for summer horse pack trips, hikes and fishing excursions. I load it with Buffalo Bore items 8A, 8B or 8C. All three of these loads flatten grizzlies. I carry a revolver chambered in 500 Linebaugh too, along with the rifle. The handgun stays on my person in a shoulder holster and the rifle stays on the horse or in camp, unless I am feeling the need to have it in my hands, which does and has happened and has kept me from being injured/killed more than once. I have used both revolvers and rifles on bears, several times. When I elk hunt in grizzly country, I normally use a 338 Win. Mag. With proper ammo, the 338 Win Mag. is a decisive grizzly stopper. See our items 52A, 52B and 52D, (which will be released before summer 2012) for this application.

There are many in our society who believe the life of an animal has equal or greater value than that of a human. I disagree. A bear is a wild animal, that when not threatening human life, is a wonderful sight. However, when I encounter bears that act aggressively by popping their teeth, woofing, swinging their head from side to side, charging, etc. I shoot them. I do not give them a prolonged chance to kill my wife, children, myself or any one that is with me. When I encounter bears (which I do several times per year) that run at my sight or smell, they are safe from me because I know I am safe from them. When they show aggression to humans, it is irresponsible to let them live as they will eventually permanently harm or kill someone. I don’t care that our governmental wild life agencies are protecting bears. They are generally misguided in this tactic. The notion that bears are a spiritual, magical life form that has value over human life, is a point of view that not only comes from the typical tree hugger groups/mindset, but it is coming from various fish and game agencies, more and more often. I choose to protect human life over animal life, period.  The notion that bears were here before us and therefore have rights to maul us, is not only untrue, but even if it was true, I am here NOW and assert my right to be so.

Bear aggression and attacks are far more common that most fish and game agencies want to report. In 2011, in Montana, there were seven REPORTED grizzly attacks on humans. Some of them were fatal to the human. Others simply mauled the human, who recovered from injuries. There were doubtless more attacks, but they happened to capable and prepared individuals who simply killed the bear and walked away, never wanting the problems that come with reporting the incident to “authorities”. I’ve had more scrapes with black bears than I have with grizzlies, but that is probably because there are a lot more black bears in the woods. Do not let yourself be misled by fish and game agencies that claim “black bears are not dangerous” or likewise about grizzlies. There is no need to be afraid of bears, but there is great reason to be informed and prepared. For those who don’t feel the need to be prepared in bear country, that is your right, but what about your obligation to protect your loved ones and others who rely on you? Every time I see an interview with a wild life official explaining away a recent fatal bear attack, they ALWAYS say something to the effect of “such bear attacks are extremely rare bla, bla, bla”. Truth is that bear attacks are not all that rare if you spend time in bear country and even if such attacks were rare, the person that has just experienced one, had a 100% chance of being attacked, no?

Sunday, May 26, 2013

Memorial Day 2013

Today we remember those who have paid the ultimate price in defense of our Freedoms.  To those brave servicemen we owe so much.
May we live our lives in a way that honors those sacrifices by never giving away our Liberty.

Wednesday, May 22, 2013

The Blow Out Kit and John Q Public

There are literally a couple hundred versions of the "Blow Out" First Aid Kit on the web.  Each version has their own content list.  In this blog entry we will define what a Blow Out Kit is, how it differs from an expanded First Aid Kit and why.  We will also discuss why the average guy who lives, say . . . near Detroit . . . (or any other major crime infested city) should have a BOK.  "The Blow Out Kit . . .  Not JUST for soldiers"
WHAT IS A BLOW OUT KIT (BOK)? -  A BOK is a small first aid kit, that treats the three most common and preventable causes of battlefield death in accordance with Tactical Combat Casualty Care doctrine. 
Through self application of the kit (if you are able), or by a buddy (if incapacitated), the BOK is to aid you in getting back "into the fight" as quickly as possible so that you can stop your enemy and save your team (See Side Note 1 below).  The BOK has only the items that are absolutely necessary to save lives that are in immediate danger of expiring due to arterial bleeding from an appendage, sucking chest wound, or clogged airway (The three most preventable causes of battlefield death).  It's designed to be small and light weight so that you can have it close by (always immediately accessible), and to limit the items to that which you only will immediately need to save a life (so you are not fumbling through sutures and stethoscopes, while you're trying to turn off the hose of blood coming from the area that used to be your lower leg). 
Very rarely on the net do you see any of this mentioned.  Why is that?  Who knows, it could be a lack of study time in what Tactical Combat Casualty Care doctrine is and how it relates to the BOK.  It could be driven by excluding certain items due to pricing margins . . . or any number of combinations.  Either way it causes a major problem for the average person and what happens is that a bunch of different variations of Blow Out Kits are sold, leaving the consumer to wonder how one BOK is better or worse than another?
*Side Note 1:  How is treating battlefield preventable deaths applicable to John Q Public you say? 
Anyone who's ever lived in or near a major city or ghetto can tell you gun fights do happen, gunshot wounds do need to be treated to save lives, and if/when the SHTF, there is going to be a potential for an even higher number of shootings. 
As mentioned earlier, the drug addict, carjacker, or mad man is the enemy of the citizen.  The battlefield is the area that the altercation happens in.  The "fight" may be the race against time to save one's life.  The actual attacker may be gone, but the enemy now becomes the loss of life.  The tragedy in Boston is a perfect example of this (what was encouraging were the citizens jumping into action to help save lives).  So it might make sense how TC3 training and kits are very applicable to the John Q of this day and age even if you don't carry a firearm for a living like soldiers do.
The simple trip across town today could end up in a carjacking for the guy sitting in traffic next to you, which could leave him bleeding out and you with the decision to help him.  Would you know how?  Would you have the required items to save his life?
*Side Note 2: Can you please define Tactical Combat Casualty Care in a nutshell?
Tactical Combat Casualty Care is care provided to treat the three most preventable causes of battlefield deaths during the following situations.
1.  Providing Care Under Fire - CUF - (Providing care while the attack is happening).
2.  Tactical Field Care - TFC - (Providing care after the attack has stopped or paused).
3.  Combat Casualty Evacuation Care - CASEVAC - (Providing care to evacuate the casualty for more thorough medical attention).
The link below is a great place to start with what should be in your "BOK".  The second link is an excellent look at the same ex-SF soldier's perspective on TC3.  Take it to heart, the guy knows his stuff.
Great Lake Survival has put together one of the most affordable Blow Out Kits around, with all of the items needed to provide immediate life saving care in line with tactical field care doctrine.  We don't push a lot of our products on this blog because they generally sell themselves.  However we have a good product, it's relatively affordable, so you might consider it. 
you can also get our kits here:
The list of contents in the GLSC Blow Out Kit:
2 Pairs Black Nitrile Gloves NSN: 6515-01-515-0197 1 EMT Shears NSN: 6515-00-935-7138
1 Nasopharyngeal Airway / Lubricant NSN: 6515-01-529-1187
1 Compress gauze 4.5”x4.1 yds. NSN: 6510-01-503-2117
1 Israeli Bandage 4” or 1 ETD dressing NSN: 6510-01-558-4114
2 - HALO Chest Seals NSN: 6510-01-581-0553 
1 Decompression Needle  NSN: 6515-01-541-0635
1 TK4 Tourniquet NSN: 6515-01-542-7696
1 2-mil re-sealable plastic pouch 
To get a better understand in depth of "TC3" or Tactical Combat Casualty Care doctrine that is in use by the US Armed forces there is the current Ranger Medic Handbook (4th Edition) can be bought at .  It describes TC3 in detail.  It's also waterproof.  You can also download the free Combat Life Saver Course Study Guide from
(Note that simply having the right kit doesn't replace going out and getting proper first aid instruction.)
Thanks for Reading


Thursday, April 25, 2013

Defensive Training Group - The Buddy Team

Hats off to DTG for an excellent post on the basic building block for multiplying your chances of survival . . . with the Buddy Team.

Two brains are better than one, especially in a FUBAR situation.

Basic Building Block: The Buddy Team

Nearly everyone has an idea about what a ‘Buddy Team’ should be, but not many people can actually articulate their expectations. That’s the point of this post: To provide you with some basic essentials of what the ‘Buddy Team’ is and what you can expect of your ‘Buddy’. You can, and should, build Buddy Teams in your family as well as the rest of your tribe. Working in pairs increases probability of survival significantly.

Your buddy is just as important as your rifle, your knife, or your fire making device to your survival! Without your buddy, your chances of survival are diminished by such a large percentage that you must face the fact that you have very little chance to survive a hostile encounter in a SHTF scenario, short of Devine intervention.

So then, what is your responsibility as a ‘Buddy’? Here are some good guidelines:

o Always watch your buddy’s back because he’s watching yours!
o Never take more from your buddy than you can give (supplies, time, support, etc).
o Know that your buddy is your best friend, even if he’s jumping your ass to get you to learn something new or do something better!
o Never lie to your buddy (lie to anyone outside your tribe all you want, but never to your buddy)!
o Never leave your buddy behind unless he’s dead.
o Never betray your buddy – Loyalty that can be bought is despicable!
o Learn his rifle as well as you know your own if his is different.
o Learn where everything is on his harness and make him learn where everything is on yours, especially those things that will keep him alive!
o Get to know him! This means outside of training: Trust is built this way!
o Be ready to listen to him when he’s got a problem.
o Be honest with him about your own weaknesses and strengths. You can’t build your team on bullshit.
o Take the calculated risk to build trust with each other. NOW! Yeah, it’s hard when you first get to know each other, but you’ve got a pair of balls, right?
o If your Buddy has more experience than you, admit it to yourself and listen to him!
o Always give your best to and for your buddy-no exceptions!
o Be a friend, because he could be the only one you’ve got when the SHTF!

Friday, April 12, 2013

Gun Owners of America: Action Alert

Gun Owners of America

The Battle Will Take Longer than We’d Hoped
But there’s still a very good chance we can win!
“Gun Owners of America [has] been pressing lawmakers who may have wavered on this emotional issue of background checks.”
- CNN’s Wolf Blitzer, April 10, 2013

We've been fighting these gun control battles for almost 40 years now. And we almost always win. But it's almost always a nail-biter.  And so it is on Obama's gun control agenda.

We'd hoped that we could stop the gun control bribe-o-thon early (and risk-free) by blocking the motion to proceed to the package. But thanks to sell-outs like Pennsylvania's one-term senator, Pat Toomey, we're going to have to take a different battle position and defeat the package at a later stage.

The Senate today overcame the Paul-Cruz-Lee filibuster and voted to move to proceed to Harry Reid’s gun control bill (S. 649). Where Reid needed 60 votes, the tally was 68-31. Click here to see if your Senator sold you out by voting to “move to proceed” to the bill.

Republican defectors who voted anti-gun were: Alexander (TN), Ayotte (NH), Burr (NC), Chambliss (GA), Collins (ME), Corker (TN), Coburn (OK), Flake (AZ), Isakson (GA), McCain (AZ), Heller (NV), Hoeven (ND), Kirk (IL), Graham (SC), Toomey (PA) and Wicker (MS).
So, here's where we are. Right after the Senate proceeded to the gun control bill, Harry Reid used his privileged recognition to put a bunch of amendments in place. In Senate parlance, they are referred to as an "amendment tree;" and they contain the universal registry bill, the Feinstein gun ban, and the magazine ban. These will be voted on in upcoming days.
As for the Toomey-Manchin-Schumer universal registry bill, don't believe the press' efforts to sugar-coat it. If you have ever had an "Internet ... posting" on (or related to) your gun, you can sell it only by going to a dealer and filling out a 4473 and getting the government's approval. Only a cave man would be exempt.

And once you have a 4473? Well, the ATF is going from dealer to dealer, copying the information on these forms, and feeding it into a database. But, says Toomey, he's against universal registries. This is where it would have helped if Toomey had consulted someone who knew something about guns.

Registration and violation of privacy.
First of all, Toomey’s anti-registry language prohibits photocopying the 4473's, but it doesn't prohibit going into the FFL with a laptop and copying all the information. Second, ATF takes the position that the data it's accumulating in a database is not a "registry," so Toomey's ban does no good. Third, guess what the sanction is for violation of Toomey's anti-registry language? Answer: Eric Holder has to choose to prosecute himself and his own department.
But this isn't the only bad thing about Toomey-Manchin-Schumer.
Section 107 of the sell-out also waives any federal privacy prohibitions under HIPAA to sending the names of Americans with PTSD, ADHD, and post partem depression to the gun ban database. But that’s not all.

Believe in Jesus, hand in your guns?
Because private shrinks will be able to add patients names into a federal database of the mentally ill - without due process - you will be at their mercy.

As Red State editor, Erick Erickson says, “Activist mental health providers will probably be overly aggressive in adding people to the list. Give it five years in liberal areas and people who believe in the physical resurrection of Christ will probably get automatic entry onto the list.”
And as for veterans? Toomey-Manchin-Schumer reinforces the proposition that bureaucrats in the Department of Veterans Affairs can take away veterans' rights without any due process. If a veteran has $30,000 to spend getting back the rights Toomey-Manchin-Schumer wrongly took from him, the sell-out creates yet another redundant money-trap for restoration of rights that shouldn't have been taken away in the first place.

Repealing gun owner protections.
What if you want to travel across the country? McClure-Volkmer allowed you to do that with an unloaded gun in the trunk (18 U.S.C. 926A). But, under the Toomey-Manchin-Schumer sell-out, unless you can "demonstrate," to the satisfaction of the New York police (1) where you came from, (2) where you're going, (3) that you're legally entitled to possess the gun in the place you can from, and (4) that you're legally entitled to possess the gun in the place you're going, they will arrest you in New York.
The Toomey-Manchin-Schumer sell-out creates a Biden-like commission to insure that the cries for gun control continue.
Like sprinkles on a pile of dung, Toomey and Schumer steal some of the proposals we drafted and try to use them to get us to buy onto gun control. But it won't work.
The gun movement is united against this disgusting pile of gun control.

Here is the new battlefield. Because of the Senate rules, many of the upcoming gun control votes will need 60 (out of 100 votes) to move forward. That will almost certainly be the case with the Toomey-Manchin-Schumer proposal. And because the entire Second amendment movement - GOA, NRA, etc. - is against the Toomey language, it virtually ensures his amendment will fail.
And if Toomey-Manchin-Schumer doesn't pass, then Reid probably won’t have enough votes to overcome a second filibuster on the bill - as it would contain the original anti-gun language sponsored by Reid and Schumer. This all but guarantees that the legislation would die, as Republicans and a half-a-dozen Democrat Senators would then team up to keep the bill from getting the required 60 votes.

One last question or thought: Did we waste our time supporting the Paul-Cruz-Lee filibuster and fighting the motion to proceed? No, because we forced Obama to fire most of his ammunition, as he dragged his human props around Washington in an effort to exploit them for political gain.
If Obama had been able to wait to play this card until Toomey-Manchin-Schumer came up for a vote, that vote would be a lot harder for us to win.
But Obama has already played this card for his "they deserve a vote" theme. Okay, they're getting their vote. But by the time we reach the vote on cloture on Toomey-Manchin-Schumer, Obama's exploitation of the victims of Newtown will begin to be realized for the cynical exploitative political ploy that it is. And he will be less able to shift gears and use the victims for the theme “They deserve a ‘yes’ vote.”

ACTION: Click here to contact your Senators. Tell them to vote against cloture on the Toomey-Manchin-Schumer sell-out.

Thursday, March 28, 2013

How to Make Pemmican


H/T to for this instructional post for the making of Pemmican.

Need some food that's light weight and nutritious for that long trip into the bush?  Why not Pemmican?

"Pemmican is a concentrated mixture of fat and protein used as a nutritious food. The word comes from the Cree word pimîhkân, which itself is derived from the word pimî, "fat, grease".[1] It was invented by the native peoples of North America.[2][3] It was widely adopted as a high-energy food by Europeans involved in the fur trade and later by Arctic and Antarctic explorers, such as Robert Falcon Scott and Roald Amundsen. "

"Traditionally, pemmican was prepared from the lean meat of large game such as buffalo, elk or deer. The meat was cut in thin slices and dried over a slow fire, or in the hot sun until it was hard and brittle. About five pounds of meat are required to make one pound of dried meat suitable for pemmican. Then it was pounded into very small pieces, almost powder-like in consistency, using stones. The pounded meat was mixed with melted fat in an approximate 1:1 ratio.[5] In some cases, dried fruits such as saskatoon berries, cranberries, blueberries, or choke cherries were pounded into powder and then added to the meat/fat mixture. The resulting mixture was then packed into rawhide pouches for storage.
A bag of buffalo pemmican weighing about 90 pounds was called a Taureau by the Métis of Red River.[6] It generally took the meat of one buffalo to fill a Taureau."

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Winter Survival Tips

One of the good things about being with Great Lake Survival is that the friends and family of this company actually get out in the wilderness to practice their survival skills on a regular basis.  It would be easy to sit behind the computer screen all the time.  Although it takes discipline to continually get out and practice what you know . . . it helps us keep grounded.  Not to mention staying out in the bush keeps giving us things to write about :)
Winter Survival Tips
(some of these tips we've had funny stories with, some of them more serious stories)
1.  Listen to your teammates:  When 3 guys on a 4 man team are telling you important task "X" would be better done by doing A instead of B (and if you screw up on B it costs your whole team a lot of work), it would pay to listen to the team.  After all, if you willingly go far enough into the bush to need a chopper out if someone gets hurt, you better trust the people you're with enough to listen to them.
2.  Sizing up the situation? Ever heard a coach say, "you will play in the game, the way you practice on the field". Constantly goofing off, or wasting energy, because it's just training . . . well that's not smart. Every time we go into winter survival training - it IS a survival situation. Weather can change an easy going training session into a butt-kicker in no time, let alone adding an injured team member into the mix.
3.  Have purpose in the morning:  During winter training, in the morning getting out of the bag and lean to is a dangerous time.  Usually everything is still bitterly cold, one's internal furnace is starving for food so that it can produce warmth.  The hands and feet will freeze up a lot quicker than usual.  There's a short period of time once the frozen boots are on to get a fire going, get hot liquids going or get moving if you need to bug out.  It's a mistake to get out of the sack without a purpose and sense of urgency.  It usually is a mistake only made once though.  Hypothermia is a B! 
4.  Sno-seal leather boots:  It's inexpensive, it works, it keeps your leather flexible and dry.  When the temp dumps really low, wet boots freeze up, so that the next morning it's like trying to get on a glass vase over the feet.  Sno-seal will keep leather pack boots from getting saturated with wet snow, keeping them flexible.
5.  Void the bladder before bed:  Some of the best advice we've ever heard.  Getting out of the bag in the middle of the night wastes energy.  Urinals make the risk of getting urine in the bag . . .
6.  Get some Wiggy's gear:  Wiggy's brand outdoor gear is pretty darn good stuff.  Boots, Sleeping bags, Gloves, Coats, Ground pads and Sweaters.  Wiggy's gear is insulated with Lamilite, which insulates even when wet, better than anything on the planet.  It wicks water like no other.  Seriously it's awesome stuff.  If you have to be in the bitterly cold, do it with Wiggy's by your side.  Trust us, we've tested the snot out of their products. 
Hopefully your winter survival training gives you some nuggets of wisdom to share.  If you get out to test your skills, God bless ya.

Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Affordable Ballistic Protection - Protecting the Protector

For that protector in your family, that may find themselves in harms way during "a bump in the night" . . . finally, all around ballistic protection at an affordable rate has arrived.

First of all, "Bullet-proof vests" are not exactly bullet proof.  There are many styles and ranges of ballistic protection out there.  Some are rated for handgun rounds only, ranging all the way up to 30.06 armor piercing round protection.  Some are rated for protection for multiple rifle round hits.  The higher rated the protection of the plate or vest, the heavier the armor will be to carry.

There are vests that have "soft armor" (which protect against handgun rounds).  Then there are vests that have compartments to carry hard armor plates that Velcro into place.

Here is a decent explanation of body armor levels:

Simply put, it has been stated that you should use the level of body armor that would stop a round that your would carry in your defense weapon.

For those that protect their home with an AR-15 or a shotgun with slugs . . . you're looking at investing in at least Level III armor plates and a carrier to attach them to.

Is it practical to don an entire interceptor vest (if you could legally procure one) with armor plates for that bump in the night?  Probably not.  It wouldn't be easy to put in less than a second or two.

There is a more common sense solution though.  Voodoo Tactical makes a "High Mobility ICE Plate Carrier" that can be purchased and shipped free from ebay for around $50 depending on the color you choose.

With side release buckles, your family protector can slip into ballistic protection for his or her vital organs with little effort.  Throw a couple magazine pouches on the front and you're good to go for defending your little plot of land from would be thieves, hooligans and wrong-doers.

This vest is not complete without the ballistic armor plates that fit in the front and back secured by Velcro:  Both the front and back compartments each take a 10"x12" plate.  With this type of vest, you would probably put either a Level III or Level IV plate in the front and back.  You're looking at about 15 to 18 lbs depending on the level of protection your choose.

For instance, we came across a vendor on ebay that sells to law abiding citizens (who are NOT felons - as it is illegal for felons to possess body armor), under the name: Vacextar

For $125 you can buy a front and back armor plate that will stop multiple rifle rounds and handgun rounds.  That includes M855 5.56MM rounds, 7.62x51MM Ball rounds and 7.62x39MM rounds.

Here is the current auction:

So basically for about $175 you can have a very strong ballistic protective vest for home / self defense.  When that bump in the night happens, you might consider grabbing that "easy to put on" plate carrier that you bought shortly after reading this, that protects your upper thoracic cavity and stacks the odds in your favor. 
It's something to think about anyway . . . thanks for reading.

Friday, January 18, 2013

The 2nd Amendment . . .


. . . has nothing to do with hunting or gun collecting, and everything to do with the final check and balance placed on our government in regard to the contract (U.S. Constitution) between the citizens of the USA and its officials.

What part of "shall not be infringed" is not understood?

When we started this blog, it was done so with the three pronged approach:  Individual Survival, Family Survival and Survival of our Liberties as Americans.

As of late most of the posts on this blog have been in regard to the topic of American Liberties and their survival.  It's not that we don't want to focus on outdoor survival or SHTF skills, etc, etc, etc.  However, it is now more crucial than ever, that Americans who like exercising liberties outlined in the Bill of Rights, stand up and be heard.  Because of that, this blog is currently dedicating much of its focus to Liberty related topics.

Please continue to contact your representatives, and let them know that you expect them to reject any new restrictions on your unalienable rights to keep and bear arms, and that you and everyone you know will remember before voting, how their representatives handled the gun ban situation.

If you reside in Michigan, you might be encouraged to see that the following state senators PAVLOV, JONES, GREEN, CASPERSON, MEEKHOF, PROOS, JANSEN, BRANDENBURG, HILDENBRAND, NOFS, COLBECK, and EMMONS introduced the following Michigan Firearms Freedom act bill.

If you live in a state that hasn't made efforts toward such legislation, again, contact your representative and ask them why they haven't stepped up to the plate.

January 16, 2013, Introduced by Senators PAVLOV, JONES, GREEN, CASPERSON, MEEKHOF,
MARLEAU and referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
A bill to create the Michigan firearms freedom act; to make
certain findings regarding intrastate commerce; to prohibit federal
regulation of firearms, firearms accessories, and ammunition
involved purely in intrastate commerce in this state; to provide
for certain exceptions to federal regulation; and to establish
certain manufacturing requirements.
Sec. 1. This act shall 1 be known and may be cited as the
2 "Michigan firearms freedom act".
3 Sec. 2. The legislature finds all of the following:
4 (a) Amendment X of the constitution of the United States
5 guarantees to the states and their people all powers not granted to
6 the federal government elsewhere in the constitution and reserves
7 to the state and people of Michigan certain powers as they were
00997'13 KHS
understood at the time that Michigan was 1 admitted to statehood on
2 January 26, 1837. The guaranty of those powers is a matter of
3 contract between the state and people of Michigan and the United
4 States as of the time that the compact with the United States was
5 agreed upon and adopted by Michigan and the United States.
6 (b) Amendment IX of the constitution of the United States
7 guarantees to the people rights not granted in the constitution and
8 reserves to the people of Michigan certain rights, as they were
9 understood at the time that Michigan was admitted to statehood. The
10 guaranty of those rights is a matter of contract between the state
11 and people of Michigan and the United States as of the time that
12 the compact with the United States was agreed upon and adopted by
13 Michigan and the United States.
14 (c) The regulation of intrastate commerce is vested in the
15 states under amendments IX and X of the constitution of the United
16 States, particularly if not expressly preempted by federal law.
17 Congress has not expressly preempted state regulation of intrastate
18 commerce pertaining to the manufacture on an intrastate basis of
19 firearms, firearms accessories, and ammunition.
20 (d) Amendment II of the constitution of the United States
21 reserves to the people the right to keep and bear arms as that
22 right was understood at the time that Michigan was admitted to
23 statehood, and the guaranty of the right is a matter of contract
24 between the state and people of Michigan and the United States as
25 of the time that the compact with the United States was agreed upon
26 and adopted by Michigan and the United States.
27 (e) Section 6 of article I of the state constitution of 1963
00997'13 KHS
clearly secures to Michigan citizens, 1 and prohibits government
2 interference with, the right of individual Michigan citizens to
3 keep and bear arms. This constitutional protection is unchanged
4 from the original Michigan constitution, which was approved by
5 congress and the people of Michigan, and the right exists, as it
6 was understood at the time that the compact with the United States
7 was agreed upon and adopted by Michigan and the United States.
8 Sec. 3. A personal firearm, a firearm accessory, or ammunition
9 that is manufactured commercially or privately in Michigan and that
10 remains within the borders of Michigan is not subject to federal
11 law or federal regulation, including registration, under the
12 authority of congress to regulate interstate commerce. It is
13 declared by the legislature that those items have not traveled in
14 interstate commerce. This section applies to a firearm, a firearm
15 accessory, or ammunition that is manufactured in Michigan from
16 basic materials and that can be manufactured without the inclusion
17 of any significant parts imported from another state. Generic and
18 insignificant parts that have other manufacturing or consumer
19 product applications are not firearms, firearms accessories, or
20 ammunition, and their importation into Michigan and incorporation
21 into a firearm, a firearm accessory, or ammunition manufactured in
22 Michigan does not subject the firearm, firearm accessory, or
23 ammunition to federal regulation. It is declared by the legislature
24 that basic materials, such as unmachined steel and unshaped wood,
25 are not firearms, firearms accessories, or ammunition and are not
26 subject to congressional authority to regulate firearms, firearms
27 accessories, and ammunition under interstate commerce as if they
00997'13 KHS
were actually firearms, firearms 1 accessories, or ammunition. The
2 authority of congress to regulate interstate commerce in basic
3 materials does not include authority to regulate firearms, firearms
4 accessories, and ammunition made in Michigan from those materials.
5 Firearms accessories that are imported into Michigan from another
6 state and that are subject to federal regulation as being in
7 interstate commerce do not subject a firearm to federal regulation
8 under interstate commerce because they are attached to or used in
9 conjunction with a firearm in Michigan.
10 Sec. 4. Section 3 does not apply to any of the following:
11 (a) A firearm that cannot be carried and used by 1 person.
12 (b) A firearm that has a bore diameter greater than 1-1/2
13 inches and that uses smokeless powder, not black powder, as a
14 propellant.
15 (c) Ammunition with a projectile that explodes using an
16 explosion of chemical energy after the projectile leaves the
17 firearm.
18 (d) A firearm that discharges 2 or more projectiles with 1
19 activation of the trigger or other firing device.
20 Sec. 5. A firearm manufactured or sold in Michigan under this
21 act shall have the words "Made in Michigan" clearly stamped on a
22 central metallic part, such as the receiver or frame.
23 Sec. 6. This act applies to firearms, firearms accessories,
24 and ammunition that are manufactured and retained in Michigan on or
25 after October 1, 2013.
26 Sec. 7. As used in this act:
27 (a) "Borders of Michigan" means the boundaries of Michigan
00997'13 Final Page KHS
established 1 for purposes of statehood.
2 (b) "Firearms accessories" means items that are used in
3 conjunction with or mounted upon a firearm but are not essential to
4 the basic function of a firearm, including, but not limited to,
5 telescopic or laser sights, magazines, flash or sound suppressors,
6 folding or aftermarket stocks and grips, speedloaders, ammunition
7 carriers, and lights for target illumination.
8 (c) "Generic and insignificant parts" includes, but is not
9 limited to, springs, screws, nuts, and pins.
10 (d) "Manufactured" means that a firearm, a firearm accessory,
11 or ammunition has been created from basic materials for functional
12 usefulness, including, but not limited to, forging, casting,
13 machining, or other processes for working materials.